For the past week, I’ve been working on a review of the iPad Pro. For better or worse it has been a very quick week and I’ve been working on the review right up to the embargo time. Rather than rushing out our review of Apple's first large-format tablet in an incomplete state, I'm going to hold it back so that we can get it right and produce the kind of high-quality article that we're known for.

Instead for today's embargo I want to take a more personal look at one segment of the iPad Pro's new features as a preview of things to come. The iPad Pro is a tablet of several firsts for Apple - their first large-format tablet, their first tablet with Apple's A9X SoC, and their first tablet clearly geared towards productivity as opposed to content consumption - and as a result one area that’s worth discussing in depth is whether or not the iPad Pro is useful to people that might not have wanted or needed an iPad before. With the iPad Air 2, for example, I felt quite strongly that while in some ways the larger display than a phablet or a mini tablet was useful, it was difficult for me to justify the cost of the tablet due to the lack of some productivity-focused tools.

Probably the simplest example of productivity use for someone like me is taking notes in class. While you can use a Bluetooth keyboard or a capacitive stylus with tablets like the iPad Air 2, they’re both notably flawed. Typing on a Bluetooth keyboard is often difficult when the keyboard on most of these tablets is usually too cramped/small, so relative to a normal laptop the iPad Air 2 would be at a disadvantage. Using a traditional passive capacitive stylus is also not particularly helpful because the tip is often extremely wide and makes it difficult to write with any precision. There’s also no real palm rejection with passive capacitive styluses, so the experience is pretty frustrating.

At the end of the day, with the iPad Air 2 and most tablets in general I found that trying to take notes with a tablet, whether with a keyboard, stylus, or both was slower than just taking out a sheet of paper and a pencil. Given the amount of coverage on the Apple Pencil and iPad Pro, I wanted to see for myself whether the iPad Pro would be able to replace pencil and paper for notetaking speed. To do this, I took the iPad Pro to class and simply relied on the built-in Notes application to try and see how well I could follow along in lectures and discussions. While some classes are such that words are sufficient to capture what is being said, with math and a lot of engineering classes I’ve found that a traditional QWERTY keyboard is just too slow to keep up at times when equations with Greek symbols and other notation that requires ALT key codes that are basically impossible to remember and quickly type out. The other problem is drawing diagrams, graphs, or anything that is otherwise extremely difficult to recreate solely with a text editor.

As a result, when taking notes on a tablet it's in my experience that it’s necessary to have a good stylus to be able to write out these various symbols, especially when writing quickly. This includes elements like well-tuned palm rejection, low inking latency, good pressure sensitivity, and good pressure to line width mapping. It’s also necessary to have high precision, such that the inking is exactly where the tip contacts the display, which can be difficult especially when using the stylus at an extreme angle. It’s also necessary for the stylus to be comfortable like a good pen or mechanical pencil for it to be something that is familiar and easy to learn rather than something that carries a significant learning curve. Something as simple as the way the tip interfaces with the glass of the display can really make the experience painful. If the tip is excessively sticky, slick, or soft it might be hard for a person to be as accurate and precise with a stylus when compared to more traditional writing instruments.

With this in mind, when I first picked up the Apple Pencil I noticed that the ergonomics and weight of it are within reason and comparable to a traditional pencil or pen. The one issue here that I continue to notice is that the glossy plastic has a tendency to feel a bit gross after a while as oil from the skin and dust can combine to form a sort of grime that tends to feel disconcerting when touched.

Pairing the stylus is accomplished by plugging it into the iPad Pro that the Apple Pencil will be used with. The Pencil seems to need Bluetooth, and turning it off on the tablet renders the stylus nonfunctional until Bluetooth is enabled again. If the stylus is unable to pair with the tablet for a period of time, it seems that re-pairing is necessary by plugging the Apple Pencil into the tablet again but initial setup is relatively painless, although ideally there shouldn’t need to be any re-pairng process.

As the iPad Pro is still relatively new, most applications don’t really support Apple Pencil extensively. As a result, I conducted this test solely using the pre-installed Notes application, which is relatively simple with only support for text input and inking with the Apple Pencil. The drawings that are created with the stylus appear to just be images to the end user, which can be re-arranged and edited at will.

In order to go through a discussion section, it is often the case that rather than another lecture rehashing concepts covered in previous lectures the instructor will give a problem set that is worked through over the course of the discussion, in the hopes that doing problems will help with learning. As it is often logistically difficult for an instructor to print out 30-50 copies of these problem sets, problem sets are often posted online as a PDF. With the iPad Pro, I found that there was no real need to print out these problem sets, as using the multitasking function to keep a PDF and the Notes app open simultaneously is genuinely useful and productive. Of course, this isn’t going to be unique to the iPad Pro or even iOS, but at this screen size this multitasking capability is useful when compared to something closer to a phablet in size.

Of course, these are all just tertiary aspects compared to actually taking notes and solving problems. In this regard, I think the Apple Pencil is surprisingly good. The first thing that I noticed here was that the friction of the tip against the display doesn’t feel like it’s off or wrong in some way. It’s really hard to say exactly what parameters lead to this feeling, but the rigid matte plastic tip has some kinetic friction to help with controlling movement fluently and also low static friction which means that the initial stroke is easier to control than some styluses that I’ve tried with soft, rubbery tips that tend to drag quite a bit.

The actual latency of the stylus is pretty much at the point where I can’t really notice it. I would say that the lagging distance between the tip and inking when moving a sufficiently fast pace is probably less than 5 mm at max, which is enough that I don’t really worry about latency even when I’m writing as quickly as possible to keep up with a fast-paced lecture. The pressure sensitivity is also surprisingly good, as something I’ve noticed with at least a number of stylus implementations is that very light touches are often ignored, and in order to see a proper difference in pressure levels it often seems that it’s necessary to apply significant pressure that is often in excess of what an actual writing utensil would take before damaging paper or something else. Precision is also incredibly good. Out of casual interest, I took a ruler and attempted to slowly draw straight lines in various angles to see if any wobble would occur. Regardless of pen orientation, lines remained straight as long as the tip didn’t vary its distance to the ruler.

The other aspect that I think really helps with proper use of the stylus is actually the sheer size of the display. With paper and pencil, the paper is always at the same height as where the hand rests, so writing is natural and relatively easy. Smaller devices are generally more difficult to accurately use the stylus with as a result, as the hand is usually resting on a desk so the phone is elevated relative to the hand or the writing hand is free-floating. I didn’t really think about this, but this is an ergonomic issue as well that I didn’t have with the iPad Pro, as my hand was usually resting directly on the display rather than being off to the side of the device.

The final aspect of the user experience here is software, and in that regard the Notes app is great for what’s implemented, but the features implemented are relatively few. In some ways this is exactly like paper because there’s no real way to transcribe notes taken with the Apple Pencil to a word processing document. However, I think the iPad Pro is probably the only device I’ve ever tried that comes close to actually achieving the same feel as pencil in paper. Obviously, there’s much more to this tablet than just how the stylus behaves, but so far the Apple Pencil is a seriously impressive stylus. Whether this is comparable or better than competitors like the Surface Pro is something I'm going to hold off on discussing until the full review - that alone can be quite the discussion - but so far I’ve found the iPad Pro to be a great tablet.

The A9X SoC & More To Come
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  • arkhamasylum87 - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    Can you please compare the Intel Core M7 (top bin) vs Apple A9X. That piece should be very interesting. I believe Apple will trump Intel on GPU but Intel might have a lead on CPU. Don't forget to include power numbers. Nothing makes sense without discussing the perf/watt.

  • digiguy - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    For now we only have geekbench results, with all the limitations of cross-platform benchmarks. However, according to Geekbench, Core M7, A9X and the i5 in the SP3 are very close, virtually on par. Looking forward to see more tests. Anyway, both Intel and Apple have done a great job with these fanless processors (Skylake m7 and A9X)
  • anand_apple_fanboy - Thursday, November 12, 2015 - link

    What about some gaming benchmarks? I do some light gaming every now and then, e.g. L4D2, Dota 2. Can you run some gaming benchmarks to compare the iPad Pro with the surface pro 3? Comparing it to the 4 or surface book would be unfair.
  • Shadowmaster625 - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    So this thing utterly destroys a Surface Pro 4 i5 in graphics? And is basically just as fast as a Core i7 with GT 940M? Haha bye bye intel. It now makes zero sense for the next macbook to contain an intel chip.
  • id4andrei - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    It does not destroy anything. The ios workload is FP16 and double in osx/windows, F32.
  • chris w - Thursday, November 12, 2015 - link

    I'd be surprised if it's 100% FP16. Normally we use a mix of 16 + 32 as needed (no point wasting power on 32 bit precision when you don't need it at all!)

    If it's using FP16 at the expense of quality it's not an equal benchmark, but if it's using FP16 purely for greater efficiency, that's nothing but an architectural advantage over platforms limited to FP32.
  • tipoo - Thursday, November 12, 2015 - link

    Where do you see it coming close to the 940M? It comes close to the Iris Pro, if you don't take into account it uses half precision, but the 940M, especially with GDDR5 as the SB has, is still decently ahead.
  • Spunjji - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    Would love to see a more fully-fledged review of note-taking for the full review, perhaps with a comparison to OneNote. I have found the latter's text conversion and diagram recognition technologies to be powerful, if not flawless, in practice.
  • ciderrules - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    Apple ARM processor performance is nothing short of incredible in just a few short years.

    I can remember when everyone had 2 core processors. Apple stuck with 2 cores and improved their performance. Everyone else made smaller improvements to the cores and just added more. First quad-core and now otca-core. And yet Apple still performs better.

    What are Samsung and Qualcomm going to do next year? Apple could make an ARM based laptop (for example) using a quad-core A10 and have a serious challenger to Intel in mobile. Are Samsung/Qualcomm going to start making 12-16 core processors just to keep up?

    They should have invested in making custom cores earlier instead of taking the easy way out by using ARM designs (like the A53/57).
  • xthetenth - Wednesday, November 11, 2015 - link

    How much wider can Apple make their cores and still get good improvements? Their arch is starting to look more and more like core which we all know is years deep in extracting blood from a stone, they've cashed in on FinFET gains and are looking at a node that wasn't a big improvement for Intel, where's their next big improvement coming from?

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